"Treat the earth well: it was not
given to you by your parents, it was loaned to you by your
children. We do not inherit the Earth from our Ancestors, we
borrow it from our Children."
-Ancient Indian Proverb
"If the white man wants to live in peace with
the Indian, he can live in peace.....Treat all men alike. Give
them all the same law. Give them all an even chance to live and
grow. All men were made by the same Great Spirit Chief. They are
all brothers. The Earth is the mother of all people, and all
people should have equal rights upon it.......Let me be a free
man, free to travel, free to stop, free to work, free to
trade....where I choose my own teachers, free to follow the
religion of my fathers, free to think and talk and act for
myself, and I will obey every law, or submit to the penalty."
Nez Perce (Nimiputimt)
Celebrating Native American and
Alaska Natives Heritage
The month-long national celebration we call American
Indian Heritage Month has its roots in the early 20th century when a
Seneca Indian, Dr. Arthur C. Parker, convinced the Boy Scouts of
America to set aside a day for the "First Americans". In 1914, Red
Fox James, a Blackfoot Indian, rode horseback from state to state
seeking approval for a day to honor Indians. By December 14, 1915,
he has secured endorsements for a day honoring Native Americans from
24 state governments.
In 1915, Rev. Sherman Coolidge, president of the
American Indian Association issued a proclamation declaring the second
Saturday of each May as an American Indian Day. He also issued the
formal appeal to recognize Indians as U.S. citizens. New York Governor
Charles S. Whitman declared the first state sponsored American Indian
Day in May 1916.
From 1985-1989, Congress had enacted legislation
designating and "American Indian Heritage Week." to honor and recognize
the original peoples of this land. This paved the way for a month-long
observance. In 1990 a joint resolution designating November 1990
“National American Indian Heritage Month.” was approved by then
President George H. W. Bush.
American Indian and Alaska Native peoples have made many contributions
to the founding of this country and the American character. Some of the
values that Native Americans have added to this country’s collective
spirit include: understanding that people can thrive and grow in harmony
with nature; that people with differing backgrounds, cultures,
religions, and traditions can build a nation; and that this diversity
provides the foundation for a stronger.
Celebrating the contributions and rich history of Native
Americans is important to understanding our national heritage. It is
just as important to acknowledge the injustices that have been imposed
on American Indian people. Celebration history and culture must do more
than honor the past. It must also look to the future and move us to
uphold the respect and dignity of those to whom promises have been made.
The development of this nation created any number of
legally binding agreements and laws to guarantee the authority of tribal
governments. American needs to honor those agreements and commitments
each day of the year. American Indian Heritage Month allows us to, as a
nation, reflect on the contributions of Native Americans and to
acknowledge our responsibilities to continue to meet obligations that
were created as America emerged as a new nation.
It is common in our culture to use November to give
thanks for abundance with which we have been blessed. It is also an
appropriate time to remember the many ways that American Indians and
Alaska Natives contributed to the founding of America. Without the help
and support of Native Americans, there would not be an America.
By Bill Breitsprecher
Breitlinks. All Rights Reserved
Native American Heritage
Here are some resources
to learn more about the contributions of Native Americans. Conducting a search for information in an
organized manner will help us locate what we need with the
least amount of work. It also helps ensure that we start
good information. To see an easy to follow outline to
help organize a research project, check our Mr.
B's "Take Five" Research Process.
To see more about
writing, please look at Mr. B's Writing Quick Tips for
"tips & tricks" and links to other Websites that
cover virtually ALL aspects grammar and writing.
Native Americans refers to the first people to inhabit the
Americas. Before the Europeans arrived, this land was inhabited by
rich and diverse cultures. The term is also used to represent the
descendants of the original inhabitants of America, who continue to
enrich American society with their cultural heritage and traditions.
Library Subject Headings. Understanding the
difference between keyword
and subject heading searches is important.
Keywords represent text that appears in a document.
Subject headings are assigned by an information specialists to
help researchers identify resources that cover similar topics.
A powerful tool, subject headings create connections between
sources and allow a user to benefit from someone else's work
Computerize library catalogs, can be searched with
keywords, just like most Internet search engines.
Many useful resources, however, do not share keywords -- this
means they will not be located by keyword searches.
Subject headings, however, identify documents that contain
information about similar topics even when those documents do
not share keywords. Here is a listing of common subject
headings (Sears), typically used in public and school